Our founder Mr. Ghulam Suhrawardi with Astronaut Scot Kelly

Astronaut Scott

Astronaut Scott Kelly with Ghulam Suhrawardi and Saira Suhrawardi



Ghulam Suhrawardi is a graduate of the State University of New York (SUNY) Maritime College, Fort Schuyler, New York and graduated in 1973. Scott Kelly also a graduate of the same institution is about 14 years his junior.


Kelly received his commission via the Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) following graduation from the State University of New York Maritime College in May 1987. He was designated a Naval Aviator in July 1989 at Naval Air Station Chase Field in Beeville, Texas.

He reported to Fighter Squadron 101 (VF-101) at Naval Air Station Oceana, Virginia, for initial F-14 Tomcat training. Upon completion of this training, he was assigned to Fighter Squadron 143 (VF-143) and made overseas deployments to the North Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea and Persian Gulf aboard the aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. Scott Joseph Kelly (born February 21, 1964) is an engineer, retired American astronaut, and a retired U.S. Navy Captain. A veteran of four space flights, Kelly commanded the International Space Station (ISS) on Expeditions 26, 44, and 45.


Kelly’s first spaceflight was as pilot of Space Shuttle Discovery during STS-103 in December 1999. This was the third servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope, and lasted for just under eight days. Kelly’s second spaceflight was as mission commander of STS-118, a 12-day Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station in August 2007. Kelly’s third spaceflight was as commander of Expedition 26 on the ISS. He arrived 9 October 2010, on a Russian Soyuz spacecraft,[1] during Expedition 25, and served as a flight engineer until it ended.[2] He took over command of the station on 25 November 2010, at the start of Expedition 26 which began officially when the spacecraft Soyuz TMA-19 undocked, carrying the previous commander of the station, Douglas H. Wheelock. Expedition 26 ended on 16 March 2011 with the departure of Soyuz TMA-01M. This was Kelly’s first long-duration spaceflight.


In November 2012, Kelly was selected, along with Mikhail Korniyenko, for a special year-long mission to the International Space Station. Their year in space commenced 27 March 2015 with the start of Expedition 43, continued through the entirety of Expeditions 44, and 45, both of which Kelly commanded. He passed command to Timothy Kopra on 29 February 2016, when the ISS year long mission ended. He returned to Earth aboard Soyuz TMA-18M on 1 March 2016.


In October 2015, he set the record for the total accumulated number of days spent in space by an American astronaut, 382. For the ISS year long mission, Kelly spent 340 consecutive days in space. Kelly’s identical twin brother, Mark Kelly, is a former astronaut. The Kelly brothers are the only siblings to have traveled in space. On March 12, 2016, Kelly announced his retirement in April 2016.


Scott Kelly was selected to attend the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland in January 1993 and completed training in June 1994. After graduation, he worked as a test pilot at the Strike Aircraft Test Squadron, Naval Air Warfare Center, Aircraft Division, at Patuxent River, flying the F-14A/B/D, F/A-18A/B/C/D and KC-130F. Kelly was the first pilot to fly an F-14 with an experimental digital flight control system installed and performed subsequent high angle of attack and departure testing.

He has logged more than 8,000 flight-hours in more than 40 different aircraft and spacecraft. Kelly has more than 250 carrier landings.


After attaining the rank of Captain in the U.S. Navy, Kelly retired from active duty on June 1, 2012 after 25 years of Naval service and continues to serve as an astronaut and civil servant.



Meet the twin astronauts taking us closer to Mars

By Michael Buchanan

Mar 28, 2016

Mark Kelley Scott Kelley

Former astronaut Mark Kelly (left) and his identical twin, Scott Kelly, are part of a groundbreaking study of health and spaceflight. (NASA)

Scott Kelly returned from the International Space Station two inches taller than his identical twin, Mark. Temporary tallness is one of the many strange effects of spending almost a year aboard the International Space Station. It’s fairly simple to explain: Without normal gravity pushing down on the body, the spine expands, then quickly returns to normal back on Earth.

Researchers are trying to understand what happens to the human body during lengthy missions to prepare for an eventual — and much longer — journey to Mars and back. Now, for the first time ever, scientists are comparing Scott’s year in space and Mark’s year on earth in a “twin study.”


Twin studies enable scientists to better understand the relative importance of genetics or the environment in a study’s results.


As identical twins, the two men share essentially the same genetics. Both have spent significant time in space, with Mark logging 54 days aboard the Space Shuttle. Mark does note a few differences, however, when the two were in high school:

“I think I took the harder classes, because, you know, [Scott] had a hard time with those,” he joked in an interview with NASA.

A collaborative effort

scott kelley Mikhail Kornienko

During a long spaceflight, astronaut Scott Kelly and cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko pose with one of their experiments: space-grown zinnias. (NASA)


Throughout his year in space, Scott Kelly worked closely with Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko on experiments to prepare humans for long trips in space. NASA, the Russian space program Roscosmos, and other international partners are studying changes in astronauts’ eyesight, gut microbes, cells and psychology, among other things.


The twins and Kornienko have released a trove of health data to researchers, which will be analyzed and published over the next several years.

What’s next? “Going to Mars is doable,” said Scott, although he won’t be the one making the journey. He announced his retirement from NASA as of April. “We’re close enough that if we make the choice, I think we can do it.”


Science isn’t all Scott Kelly did in his year in space. In between hundreds of other experiments, he was able to take some amazing pictures — and collude with his brother to sneak a different sort of spacesuit onto the station!


Some photos by Scot Kelly

Astronaut shares spectacular views from a year in space

By Michael BuchananFeb 29, 2016

Scot Kelly 2

Sunrise in space

Sunrise in space

Italy and the Alps

Italy and the Alps

South America

South America


United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Spanish coast

Spanish coast – Morning view

Shanghai at night

Day 318. Over Shanghai at night


Cool frozen lake in the Himalayas

New York City

My cosmonaut colleague Oleg Kononenko took this incredible picture of New York City